PAT-Advanced-1015 Reversible Primes

A reversible prime in any number system is a prime whose “reverse” in that number system is also a prime. For example in the decimal system 73 is a reversible prime because its reverse 37 is also a prime.

Now given any two positive integers N (< 105) and D (1 < D <= 10), you are supposed to tell if N is a reversible prime with radix D.

Input Specification:

The input file consists of several test cases. Each case occupies a line which contains two integers N and D. The input is finished by a negative N.

Output Specification:

For each test case, print in one line “Yes” if N is a reversible prime with radix D, or “No” if not.

Sample Input:
73 10
23 2
23 10
-2
Sample Output:
Yes
Yes
No

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PAT-Advanced-1014 Waiting in Line

Suppose a bank has N windows open for service. There is a yellow line in front of the windows which devides the waiting area into two parts. The rules for the customers to wait in line are:

The space inside the yellow line in front of each window is enough to contain a line with M customers. Hence when all the N lines are full, all the customers after (and including) the (NM+1)st one will have to wait in a line behind the yellow line.
Each customer will choose the shortest line to wait in when crossing the yellow line. If there are two or more lines with the same length, the customer will always choose the window with the smallest number.
Customer[i] will take T[i] minutes to have his/her transaction processed.
The first N customers are assumed to be served at 8:00am.
Now given the processing time of each customer, you are supposed to tell the exact time at which a customer has his/her business done.

For example, suppose that a bank has 2 windows and each window may have 2 custmers waiting inside the yellow line. There are 5 customers waiting with transactions taking 1, 2, 6, 4 and 3 minutes, respectively. At 08:00 in the morning, customer1 is served at window1 while customer2 is served at window2. Customer3 will wait in front of window1 and customer4 will wait in front of window2. Customer5 will wait behind the yellow line.

At 08:01, customer1 is done and customer5 enters the line in front of window1 since that line seems shorter now. Customer2 will leave at 08:02, customer4 at 08:06, customer3 at 08:07, and finally customer5 at 08:10.

Input

Each input file contains one test case. Each case starts with a line containing 4 positive integers: N (<=20, number of windows), M (<=10, the maximum capacity of each line inside the yellow line), K (<=1000, number of customers), and Q (<=1000, number of customer queries).

The next line contains K positive integers, which are the processing time of the K customers.

The last line contains Q positive integers, which represent the customers who are asking about the time they can have their transactions done. The customers are numbered from 1 to K.

Output

For each of the Q customers, print in one line the time at which his/her transaction is finished, in the format HH:MM where HH is in [08, 17] and MM is in [00, 59]. Note that since the bank is closed everyday after 17:00, for those customers who cannot be served before 17:00, you must output “Sorry” instead.

Sample Input
2 2 7 5
1 2 6 4 3 534 2
3 4 5 6 7
Sample Output
08:07
08:06
08:10
17:00
Sorry

解题思路

这题一开始都没搞清楚要干什么,其实也不是没有搞清楚,只是感觉最近太疲劳,文字读不进去,经过反复的读题目,看了别人的一些解题思路,最终写出自己的代码和整个思路。

1、使用队列模拟整个过程,并记录值以备查询使用(应该有不需要进行模拟直接可以算出服务时间的方法)

2、先将前N*M个人进队列,如果还有人还没有服务的活,再从窗口队列中查找服务时间结束最早的出队,从后续的待服务选第一个人进队,重复执行,直到所有人都算出开始服务时间和结束服务时间。

3、如果服务时间已经过17:00 后面还有人没服务,都不计算,因为数据量不大,不需要剪枝。

问题

可能是队列操作有问题,还是哪里有问题,没有检查出来,有一个测点没有过,先放着,等大神。

解决

只需要把WINWAIT改成比10大的就行,但是不知道为什么这样就对?题目不是说最多就10个人在黄线内??

放着以后再看看。

最新:原来是在一开始入队的时候没有取模,导致数组越界!

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PAT-Advanced-1013 Battle Over Cities

It is vitally important to have all the cities connected by highways in a war. If a city is occupied by the enemy, all the highways from/toward that city are closed. We must know immediately if we need to repair any other highways to keep the rest of the cities connected. Given the map of cities which have all the remaining highways marked, you are supposed to tell the number of highways need to be repaired, quickly.

For example, if we have 3 cities and 2 highways connecting city1-city2 and city1-city3. Then if city1 is occupied by the enemy, we must have 1 highway repaired, that is the highway city2-city3.

Input

Each input file contains one test case. Each case starts with a line containing 3 numbers N (<1000), M and K, which are the total number of cities, the number of remaining highways, and the number of cities to be checked, respectively. Then M lines follow, each describes a highway by 2 integers, which are the numbers of the cities the highway connects. The cities are numbered from 1 to N. Finally there is a line containing K numbers, which represent the cities we concern.

Output

For each of the K cities, output in a line the number of highways need to be repaired if that city is lost.

Sample Input
3 2 3
1 2
1 3
1 2 3
Sample Output
1
0
0

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PAT-Advanced-1011 World Cup Betting

With the 2010 FIFA World Cup running, football fans the world over were becoming increasingly excited as the best players from the best teams doing battles for the World Cup trophy in South Africa. Similarly, football betting fans were putting their money where their mouths were, by laying all manner of World Cup bets.

Chinese Football Lottery provided a “Triple Winning” game. The rule of winning was simple: first select any three of the games. Then for each selected game, bet on one of the three possible results — namely W for win, T for tie, and L for lose. There was an odd assigned to each result. The winner’s odd would be the product of the three odds times 65%.

For example, 3 games’ odds are given as the following:

W T L
1.1 2.5 1.7
1.2 3.0 1.6
4.1 1.2 1.1
To obtain the maximum profit, one must buy W for the 3rd game, T for the 2nd game, and T for the 1st game. If each bet takes 2 yuans, then the maximum profit would be (4.13.02.565%-1)2 = 37.98 yuans (accurate up to 2 decimal places).

Input

Each input file contains one test case. Each case contains the betting information of 3 games. Each game occupies a line with three distinct odds corresponding to W, T and L.

Output

For each test case, print in one line the best bet of each game, and the maximum profit accurate up to 2 decimal places. The characters and the number must be separated by one space.

Sample Input
1.1 2.5 1.7
1.2 3.0 1.6
4.1 1.2 1.1
Sample Output
T T W 37.98

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PAT-Advanced-1010 Radix

Given a pair of positive integers, for example, 6 and 110, can this equation 6 = 110 be true? The answer is “yes”, if 6 is a decimal number and 110 is a binary number.

Now for any pair of positive integers N1 and N2, your task is to find the radix of one number while that of the other is given.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. Each case occupies a line which contains 4 positive integers:
N1 N2 tag radix
Here N1 and N2 each has no more than 10 digits. A digit is less than its radix and is chosen from the set {0-9, a-z} where 0-9 represent the decimal numbers 0-9, and a-z represent the decimal numbers 10-35. The last number “radix” is the radix of N1 if “tag” is 1, or of N2 if “tag” is 2.

Output Specification:

For each test case, print in one line the radix of the other number so that the equation N1 = N2 is true. If the equation is impossible, print “Impossible”. If the solution is not unique, output the smallest possible radix.

Sample Input 1:
6 110 1 10
Sample Output 1:
2
Sample Input 2:
1 ab 1 2
Sample Output 2:
Impossible

解题思路

这题的Radix可能会很大,N1和N2也可能达到很大,如果按我个人理解,十个字符都是 ‘a’ 那就是表示10个10排在一起,就是10^20,long long int 能表示的范围也才10^19,庆幸的是这个数的radix基本不会很大,一般情况下radix都不可能达到10^19这么大的数。

这题如果采用穷举法是很不现实的,基本上肯定是要超的,这里对条件进行解读:

1、如果N1>N2 , 在有解的条件下,用N2去表示N1 ,这时候N2的基数一定是大于N1的基数,但是不会大于N1这个数。

2、如果N1>N2,在有解的条件下,用N1去表示N2,这时候N1的基数一定是小于N2的基数。

反之亦然!注:N1、N2的比对是在十进制的条件下进行的,不需要进制转换。

问题

思路应该是没有问题,我也看了别人的代码,思路差不多,但是就是有1个测试点没有通过。解决:将最下界最大设置为:35就行,不知道为什么会超过35就不通过,暂时先放着。

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PAT-Advanced-1009 Product of Polynomials

This time, you are supposed to find A*B where A and B are two polynomials.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. Each case occupies 2 lines, and each line contains the information of a polynomial: K N1 aN1 N2 aN2 … NK aNK, where K is the number of nonzero terms in the polynomial, Ni and aNi (i=1, 2, …, K) are the exponents and coefficients, respectively. It is given that 1 <= K <= 10, 0 <= NK < … < N2 < N1 <=1000.

Output Specification:

For each test case you should output the product of A and B in one line, with the same format as the input. Notice that there must be NO extra space at the end of each line. Please be accurate up to 1 decimal place.

Sample Input
2 1 2.4 0 3.2
2 2 1.5 1 0.5
Sample Output
3 3 3.6 2 6.0 1 1.6

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PAT-Advanced-1008 Elevator

The highest building in our city has only one elevator. A request list is made up with N positive numbers. The numbers denote at which floors the elevator will stop, in specified order. It costs 6 seconds to move the elevator up one floor, and 4 seconds to move down one floor. The elevator will stay for 5 seconds at each stop.

For a given request list, you are to compute the total time spent to fulfill the requests on the list. The elevator is on the 0th floor at the beginning and does not have to return to the ground floor when the requests are fulfilled.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. Each case contains a positive integer N, followed by N positive numbers. All the numbers in the input are less than 100.

Output Specification:

For each test case, print the total time on a single line.

Sample Input:
3 2 3 1
Sample Output:
41

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PAT-Advanced-1007 Maximum Subsequence Sum

Given a sequence of K integers { N1, N2, …, NK }. A continuous subsequence is defined to be { Ni, Ni+1, …, Nj } where 1 <= i <= j <= K. The Maximum Subsequence is the continuous subsequence which has the largest sum of its elements. For example, given sequence { -2, 11, -4, 13, -5, -2 }, its maximum subsequence is { 11, -4, 13 } with the largest sum being 20.

Now you are supposed to find the largest sum, together with the first and the last numbers of the maximum subsequence.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. Each case occupies two lines. The first line contains a positive integer K (<= 10000). The second line contains K numbers, separated by a space.

Output Specification:

For each test case, output in one line the largest sum, together with the first and the last numbers of the maximum subsequence. The numbers must be separated by one space, but there must be no extra space at the end of a line. In case that the maximum subsequence is not unique, output the one with the smallest indices i and j (as shown by the sample case). If all the K numbers are negative, then its maximum sum is defined to be 0, and you are supposed to output the first and the last numbers of the whole sequence.

Sample Input:
10
-10 1 2 3 4 -5 -23 3 7 -21
Sample Output:
10 1 4

解题思路

这题查了一些资料和看了别人的代码,如果一个数为负数,那他肯定不是最长子序列和的开头,这样可以使用一次循环在O(n)中得到最长子序列和。

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PAT-Advanced-1006 Sign In and Sign Out

At the beginning of every day, the first person who signs in the computer room will unlock the door, and the last one who signs out will lock the door. Given the records of signing in’s and out’s, you are supposed to find the ones who have unlocked and locked the door on that day.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. Each case contains the records for one day. The case starts with a positive integer M, which is the total number of records, followed by M lines, each in the format:

ID_number Sign_in_time Sign_out_time
where times are given in the format HH:MM:SS, and ID number is a string with no more than 15 characters.

Output Specification:

For each test case, output in one line the ID numbers of the persons who have unlocked and locked the door on that day. The two ID numbers must be separated by one space.

Note: It is guaranteed that the records are consistent. That is, the sign in time must be earlier than the sign out time for each person, and there are no two persons sign in or out at the same moment.

Sample Input:
3
CS301111 15:30:28 17:00:10
SC3021234 08:00:00 11:25:25
CS301133 21:45:00 21:58:40
Sample Output:
SC3021234 CS301133

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PAT-Advanced-1005 Spell It Right

Given a non-negative integer N, your task is to compute the sum of all the digits of N, and output every digit of the sum in English.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. Each case occupies one line which contains an N (<= 10100).

Output Specification:

For each test case, output in one line the digits of the sum in English words. There must be one space between two consecutive words, but no extra space at the end of a line.

Sample Input:
12345
Sample Output:
one five

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